Korean Armistice Agreement 1953

Chinese and North Korean military commanders signed the agreement, with the U.S.-led U.N. command signing on behalf of the international community. South Korea was not a signatory. Zhou Enlai advises Chinese UN officials in the statement and reaction of representatives of other countries on the Korean issue and the proposed ceasefire. By the time the ceasefire was signed on 27 July 1953, the talks had already lasted more than two years, entangled in test issues such as the exchange of prisoners of war and the location of a demarcation line. Telegram from Mao to Stalin, in which he advises on how to conduct ceasefire negotiations, according to him. Letter from Mao to Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung, sent to Stalin, on a strategy of rapprochement and ceasefire conditions. Topics include Taiwan, China`s accession to the UN and the creation of a neutral zone. Whether or not Eisenhower`s threats of atomic attacks helped, until July 1953, all parties involved in the conflict were ready to sign an agreement to end the bloodshed. The ceasefire signed on 27 July established a committee of representatives of neutral countries to decide the fate of thousands of prisoners of war on both sides. Eventually, it was decided that prisoners of war could choose their one-year destiny – stay where they were, or return home.

A new border has been drawn between North and South Korea, giving additional territory to South Korea and demilitarizing the area between the two nations. The war claimed the lives of millions of Koreans and Chinese, as well as more than 50,000 Americans. It had been a frustrating war for the Americans, accustomed to forcing the unconditional surrender of their enemies. Many also did not understand why the United States had not extended the war to China or had used its nuclear arsenal. However, as government officials were well aware, such actions would probably have triggered the Third World War. On 28 April 1994, North Korea announced that it would cease to participate in the Military Ceasefire Commission, but would maintain its contacts in Panmunjom through liaison officers and maintain the general conditions of the ceasefire. North Korea said it believed the U.S. use of patriotic missiles in South Korea was over.

[52] [53] In mid-December 1950, the United States was discussing the terms of an agreement to end the Korean War. [9] The desired agreement would put an end to the fighting, provide assurances against its resumption and protect the future security of UNC forces. [10] The United States has requested the formation of a jointly agreed military ceasefire commission to oversee all agreements. [9] Both sides must agree to “stop the introduction of air, land or naval units or personnel in Korea…