The main recent developments are the rapid growth of the Indian economy, the strengthening of ties between the Indian and American industries, particularly in the fields of information and communication technologies (ICT), engineering and medicine, the informal agreement to manage an increasingly confident China, robust counter-terrorism cooperation, the deterioration of U.S.-Pakistan relations, the easing of export controls for dual-use goods and technologies (99% of the licences requested are now authorized), and the reversal of long-standing U.S. resistance to India`s strategic agenda. The United States is working to expand its reciprocal and fair trade relationship with India. In 2019, bilateral trade between the United States and India reached a total of $149 billion. U.S. energy exports are an important growth area in trade relations. In 2018, India purchased 48.2 million barrels of U.S. crude, up 9.6 million barrels in 2017. Last year, Indian students enrolled in U.S. universities and colleges contributed more than $8 billion to the U.S. economy. The total number of Indian students in the United States has more than doubled over the past decade, from 81,000 in 2008 to a record 202,000 in 2019.
First a nuclear deal, then a free trade agreement. The Us India Business Council is working on plans to prepare and implement a roadmap for a free trade agreement between the United States and India. On the other hand, the United States wants better market access for its agricultural and manufacturing products, dairy products and medical devices, in addition to reducing import duties on certain information and communication technology products. The United States also expressed concern about the large trade deficit with India. In November 2010, Obama was the second U.S. president (after Richard Nixon in 1969) to visit India during his first term. On November 8, Obama also became the second President of the United States (after Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1959) to hold a joint meeting of the Indian Parliament. In a major policy change, Obama said the United States supports India to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council.   He called India-U.S.
relations a “significant 21st century partnership” and also announced the lifting of export control restrictions on several Indian companies and concluded $10 billion in trade agreements that will create and/or support 50,000 U.S. jobs.  The influence of a large Indo-American community is reflected in the largest nationwide caucus in the U.S. Congress, while between 2009 and 2010, more than 100,000 Indian students attended American colleges and universities.  The EU is India`s largest trading partner, accounting for 11.1% of India`s total trade, on an equal footing with the United States and ahead of China (10.7%). We are confident that free trade agreements with the EU and the UNITED States will benefit India and that talks will resume,” said Gopal Krishna Agarwal, national spokesman for the Bharatiya Janata Party for Economic Affairs.